September is almost over, but there is still plenty of time to spread the word to the men in your life about the details of prostate cancer.
Aside from skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in American men. In fact, about one in six men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. Receiving any cancer diagnosis is very serious, but the great news is that most men diagnosed with prostate cancer make a full recovery and return to their normal lives after treatment.
According to the American Cancer Society, the 10-year survival rate for prostate cancer diagnosed at an early stage is 98 percent. Even for men with advanced-stage prostate cancers that haven’t spread to distant parts of the body, the five-year survival rate is still close to 100 percent.
Take note or share the risk factors and symptoms for prostate cancer listed below, so that you and your loved ones are aware of what to look for.
Here are the main risk factors for prostate cancer:
- Age: The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age.
- Race: Studies show that African-American men are approximately 60 percent more likely to develop prostate cancer in their lifetime than Caucasian or Hispanic men.
- Family History of Prostate Cancer: Men with an immediate blood relative, such as a father or brother, who has experienced prostate cancer are twice as likely to develop the disease. If another family member is diagnosed with the disease, the chances of getting prostate cancer increase.
- Diet: A diet high in saturated fat, as well as obesity, increases the risk of prostate cancer.
- High Testosterone Levels: Men who use testosterone therapy are more likely to develop prostate cancer, as an increase in testosterone stimulates the growth of the prostate gland.
- If you experience any of the symptoms below for more than two weeks, consult your doctor:
- Burning or pain during urination
- Difficulty urinating, or trouble starting and stopping while urinating
- More frequent urges to urinate at night
- Loss of bladder control
- Decreased flow or velocity of urine stream
- Blood in urine (hematuria) or in semen
- Difficulty getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Painful ejaculation
- Swelling in legs or pelvic area
- Numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet
- Bone pain that doesn't go away, or leads to fractures
Reducing your Risk
In honor of Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, take note of some of the suggestions below on how to reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer with the men in your life.
- Increase exercise
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat more fish
- Eat more fruits and veggies
- Perform prostate self-exams
- Speak with your doctor about creating an appropriate screening schedule for your needs