Three Americans Win 2009 Nobel Prize for Medicine

by: cancercompass

Three American scientists have been awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

The winners are Elizabeth Blackburn of the University of California, Carol Greider of Johns Hopkins, and Jack Szostak of Harvard Medical School.

The three scientists received the award for their discovery of telomeres and telomerase.

Telomeres are the repeated sequences of DNA at the ends of chromosomes, which have been linked to cellular processes including aging and cancer. Telomerase is the enzyme that builds the telomeres.

The prize recognizes research that shed light on how our cells function, information which has become increasingly relevant to the study of cancer biology.

The three scientists will share a prize of approximately $1.4 million.