Vaginal Cancer

Staging

Once cancer of the vagina has been found (diagnosed), more tests will be done to find out if the cancer has spread from the vagina to other parts of the body (staging). A doctor needs to know the stage of the disease to plan treatment. The following are vaginal cancer staging information for each progression:

  • Stage 0 or carcinoma in situ
    Stage 0 cancer of the vagina is a very early cancer. The cancer is found inside the vagina only and is in only a few layers of cells.

  • Stage I
    Cancer is found in the vagina, but has not spread outside of it.

  • Stage II
    Cancer has spread to the tissues just outside the vagina, but has not gone to the bones of the pelvis.

  • Stage III
    Cancer has spread to the bones of the pelvis. Cancer cells may also have spread to other organs and the lymph nodes in the pelvis. (Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped structures that are found throughout the body. They produce and store cells that fight infection.)

  • Stage IVA
    Cancer has spread into the bladder or rectum.

  • Stage IVB
    Cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs.

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